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Text commands: the T1 encoding

The OT1 font encoding is fine for typesetting in English, but has problems when typesetting other languages. The T1 encoding solves some of these problems, by providing extra characters (such as `eth' and `thorn'), and it allows words containing accented letters to be hyphenated (as long as you have a package like babel which allows for non-American hyphenation).

This section describes the commands you can use if you have the T1 fonts. To use them, you need to get the `ec fonts', or the T1-encoded PostScript fonts, as used by psnfss. All these fonts are available by anonymous ftp in the Comprehensive TeX Archive, and are also available on the CD-ROMs 4all TeX and TeX Live (both available from the TeX Users Group).

You can then select the T1 fonts by saying:

This will allow you to use the commands in this section.

Note: Since this document must be processable on any site running an up-to-date LaTeX, it does not contain any characters that are present only in T1-encoded fonts. This means that this document cannot show you what these glyphs look like! If you want to see them then run LaTeX on the document fontsmpl and respond `cmr' when it prompts you for a family name.


This command produces an `ogonek' accent.

\DH \DJ \NG \TH \dh \dj \ng \th

These commands produce characters `eth', `dbar', `eng', and `thorn'.

\guillemotleft \guillemotright \guilsinglleft \guilsinglright
\quotedblbase \quotesinglbase \textquotedbl

These commands produce various sorts of quotation mark. Rough representations of them are: tex2html_wrap_inline1006 a tex2html_wrap_inline1008 <a> ,,a'' ,a' and "a".

Rainer Schoepf
Thu Jan 8 11:53:27 MET 1998