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## Text commands: the T1 encoding

The `OT1` font encoding is fine for typesetting in English, but has problems when typesetting other languages. The `T1` encoding solves some of these problems, by providing extra characters (such as `eth' and `thorn'), and it allows words containing accented letters to be hyphenated (as long as you have a package like `babel` which allows for non-American hyphenation).

This section describes the commands you can use if you have the `T1` fonts. To use them, you need to get the `ec fonts', or the `T1`-encoded PostScript fonts, as used by psnfss. All these fonts are available by anonymous ftp in the Comprehensive TeX Archive, and are also available on the CD-ROMs 4all TeX and TeX Live (both available from the TeX Users Group).

You can then select the `T1` fonts by saying:

`   \usepackage[T1]{fontenc}`
This will allow you to use the commands in this section.

Note: Since this document must be processable on any site running an up-to-date LaTeX, it does not contain any characters that are present only in `T1`-encoded fonts. This means that this document cannot show you what these glyphs look like! If you want to see them then run LaTeX on the document `fontsmpl` and respond ``cmr`' when it prompts you for a family name.

`\k{<text>}`

This command produces an `ogonek' accent.

`\DH` `\DJ` `\NG` `\TH` `\dh` `\dj` `\ng` `\th`

These commands produce characters `eth', `dbar', `eng', and `thorn'.

`\guillemotleft` `\guillemotright` `\guilsinglleft` `\guilsinglright`
`\quotedblbase` `\quotesinglbase` `\textquotedbl`

These commands produce various sorts of quotation mark. Rough representations of them are: a <a> ,,a'' ,a' and `"`a`"`.

Rainer Schoepf
Thu Jul 31 16:46:28 MEST 1997